History of chocolate
The Latin name of the cacao tree is Theobroma cacao (Theobroma-food of the gods). In ancient times, chocolate was regarded with great reverence, chocolate served a specific function during the celebration of the sacred rites. Due to its characteristics and operation dubbed "divine drink".
According to historians, chocolate is the work of the Olmec - Meso-American people, which became extinct at least 400 years before Christ. Those people saw it not sweet, but spicy, for example, with a large addition of chili or other spicy chocolate tradition continued after the Mayans and Aztecs. People payd grains of chocolate, but at the same time they drank it. It was a privilege only wealthier people from higher social classes.
Europeans encountered with chocolate in 1502, during the fourth expedition of Christopher Columbus, when he robbed and seized one of the vessels Maya. They did not understand then, why the Mayans with such great reverence treat these very carefully arranged and sorted beans. Because they did not know the local languages of the peoples. they had no idea what it is chocolate and everything thrown to the sea. Understood what's the beauty of chocolate many decades later.
Chocolate is as old as the world-a few thousand years ago, among the peoples of the Aztecs and Mayans, was the drink of healing, strengthening and aphrodisiac (love strengthens appetite). The first chocolate drink consisted of crushed cacao and water, seasoned with pepper, salt, corn flour, honey and vanilla, was eaten cold.
Currently, cocoa is growing in Africa, the tropical parts of the Americas, the Far East and in the West Indies. Cacao beans after harvest are left in the sun, so that they can acquire a distinctive aroma, then the scales are removed, and the dining area is processed into pulp and cocoa butter. Further processing allows for various types of chocolate.
Just everything about chocolate
Properties of chocolate are very different. Often we reach for it because of its amazing taste, or simply to improve your mood. So how do chocolate work that improves our mood? The hormone serotonin, which is produced with the participation of amino acids contained in chocolate, will put you in a good mood, which will be useful before the session. Cocoa beans are a rich source of magnesium, the body needed to manage stress and prevent insomnia. Beneficial effects on human well-being is influenced by: tryptophan, glucose, caffeine, theobromine and magnesium ions is contained in chocolate. Chocolate contains lecithin, a substance which improves the memory and releasing compounds in the brain, stimulating it to work. Thus cube of chocolate eaten before the exam will not hurt.
Chocolate contains the magic ingredient - tryptophan, which is converted to serotonin in the body. This, in turn, is involved in a number of processes in our body. This is one of the neurotransmitters in the central nervous system. Also increased the level of glucose in the blood. In addition, under the influence of the chocolate is increased level of endorphins and hormones so fortunate. Our mood and well-being improved, and all the sorrows, bad experience or pass a temporary depression.
Chocolate is also known as one of the most popular aphrodisiacs. This is due to the supply of glucose in the body, caffeine, theobromine, and phenylethylamine. This last is called. "Love hormone". With caffeine and teobrominie is narrowing blood vessels, which raises blood pressure, stimulation of the body, improve concentration. It is felt fatigue or drowsiness. Increasing the level of glucose causes the body gets a large number of calories, and hence energy ... action. The largest concentration of these active ingredients have all dark chocolate, which is why she is the most recommended.
Also important is the fact that chocolate contains a lot of magnesium ions. Magnesium is involved in a number of processes taking place in the body. For it is necessary for the proper functioning of muscles, especially the heart muscle fibers and is responsible for the proper neuromuscular excitability. Magnesium improves concentration and therefore often, and chocolate, is ingested by the students in the course of the session, or in other cases, loss of concentration.
Chocolate or something else?
Chocolate can be taken in different forms. There are bitter chocolate, milk, white chocolate, chocolate stuffed and their mutual modifications. Chocolate can be consumed in its simplest form, such as a chocolate bar. However, at the present time is available with a variety of chocolate products, such as chocolates, but its not a real chocolate. The highest amount of active ingredients is most ordinary plate of dark chocolate. When you buy a chocolate bar or other food with chocolate, you might want to pay attention to their composition. There are so-called because in the market chocolaty chips. This is not chocolate! It may look similar, but the taste and properties are not associated with real chocolate. Although their price is often tempting it is worth considering what is more important - the price of the good taste and quality.
In short, chocolate is a simple way to well-being, improved mood, a portion of the energy, excitement, the action, and - what is very important - chocolate has an amazing taste.